Museum of Countermarks
on Roman Coins
Countermarks on Coins of Augustus & Tiberius, left and right "countermasses" from Moesia
to best Navigate the Countermark Museum :
By host coins and specific subjects (recommended if you search by host coin)
Individual private collections (these coins are also integrated into the above alphabetical and host coin sections)
|A pdf download of the Pangerl Collection can be found here: Pangerl-Martini-Download|
If you have any questions or need help, please contact Andreas
at romancoins.info @yahoo.com (please
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Listing of Museum Content:
|Julio-Claudian Countermarks sorted by Host Coins (Augustus - Nero)||
1.1. Countermarks on Nemausus, Spanish Provincial Coins of Augustus, and early Fleet Coinage2. Countermarks on Coins of Tiberius
|Julio Claudian Denominational||6.
on Julio-Claudian Coins
"PROB", "ROB", "PRO", "PRO" plus "IMP" & "TIAV", "BON", "DV", "DVP", "AS", "S", "XLII", "IIII"
"NCAPR", "NERCPP" on Julio-Claudian
|Countermarks after Nero:||8.
Countermarks of Vindex, Civil
War 68/69, Galba, Otho, & Vespasianus
8.1. Vindex: "X", "SPQR", "SPO", "SPR", "PR",9. Later Countermarks (after Vespasianus)
"TONZOY", "DAK", "laureate", "standing Minerva", "Hadrian's Head", later countermarks on Hadrian, Marcus Aurelius, Severus Alexander, etc., up to the early Byzantine Empire
|Countermarks of the Roman Legions:||10.
Legionary Countermarks .... see
also Roman Legions Main Page
10.1. The Western Empire: "ALAR", "LVI", "VI", "X", "LXV", "XV", "LII"
Unknown host Coins
Unknown Context (e.g. "TBC", "Delta Y", "CAESAR" "CAESAR")
|Private Collections of Roman Countermarks||The Richard Baker Collection|
recommend as Reference Literature:
|For Western Countermarks on official Roman
coins and their Imitations:
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Numismatic Gallery (www.romancoins.info) for hosting the
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