Museum of Countermarks on Roman Coins
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Alphabetical List of Countermarks Covered in the Museum of Countermarks

To the left of the alphabetical index column of countermarks you can find the Pangerl Martini CollectionSystematic Catalogue Number (this reference book lists only countermarks on Roman official coins and their imitations, it is primarily sorted by geographic origin of the countermarks), or alternatively the  Howgego Greek (Eastern) Imperial Countermark reference if applicable. Some countermarks are listed only in relevant Spanish publications, others not listed at all.

To the right the Countermark Museum section number is given after each countermark.

If you have any questions please contact us at cassiporis@yahoo.de for help
 
 
Pangerl Collection #
or (H = Howgego #)
or [Spanish Cmk]
or unlisted
  Alphabetical Index Countermark Museum Section
 74 
AL AR
1.4.1; 10.1
(H NN)
Anchor
1.1
(H 604)
AMR
4
 112 
APRON; or APRONI 
1.4.1
 7 
ARAT ligature
1.2.1
 39 
AS 
6
8; 9; 10; 40; 41; 
59; 75; 76; 83
113; 114 
A V CAVC ligature; or AVG
1.1; 1.2.1; 1.3; 1.4.1
[Spanish cmk]
AVL
1.1
115 
B
2
(Howgego)
Boar (wild) 
10.2
42 
BON
6
unlisted
BPV
1.4.1
63 
Bucranium
11; 84 
CA
1.2.1; see also 3
44
CAC
2; see also 3
 77 
CAE
1.4.1
unlisted
CAESAR CAESAR
11
43 
CAESAR-ligature 
1.4.1; also 2
44 
CAG
2;  see also 3
64 
Capricorn
1.4.2, (also shown in 8)
94 
Capricorn above tool
8.3
12; 13 
CCARN
1.2.1
116 
CCR
14 
CIC
78 
CONST
1.4.1
(H 401)
Cornucopia
2
(Spanish)
CPA
1.1
45 
CVAL
1.2.1
(Howgego)
DAK
9
unlisted
Delta Y
11
15 
D palmbranch D
1.1
[Spanish Cmk]
DD
1.1;  also 1.4.1
5A; 95; 96; 97 
Dolphin in various shapes 
1.3; see also10.2
85 
DV
6
46 
DVP
6
Eagle Head 
1.1
(Howgego)
Emperor's Head in circle
10.2
117 
FAT
107
Fulminata
10.2
86 
GALBA
8.2
92 
GALBA greek
8.2
unlisted
GAL CA
8.2
93 
GALKAI greek
8.2
(Howgego)
Galley
10.2
(Howgego)
Hadrian's Head in rectangle
9; 10.2
66 
Helios Head   or radiate gladiator helmet 
1.4.2
98 
Helmet 
1.3
99 
Hercules Head
4; see also 2
 
unlisted
 
IIII
 
6
18

79; 80

I MP ligature
1.11.2.1.

1.4.2

16 

47 

IMP ligature on Nemausus

IMP ligature late type

1.1 

6

53 
IMP AVC
1.4.2;   2
19 
IMPAVCN
(Howgego)
IMP GA
8.2
17 
IMP lituus
1.1
(Howgego)
IMPOTHO
8.2
100 
IMPVES
8.3
(Howgego)
IMPVESP
8.2
101 
IMPVESAVC
8.3
118 
IN
(H 546)
KL IA-greek
4
(H 378)
Laureate
9
unlisted
L II 
10.1
[Spanish Cmk]
LVI 
10.1
(Howgego)
LVIF
10.2
(Howgego)
LXF
L.X.F / wild boar / dolphin
10.2
(Howgego)
LXVA
10.2
(Howgego)
male Head with beard 
1.4.2
subtype IMP
MD 
1.4.2
1; 20; 60 
NCAPR

NERCPP

7
          only on prutahs
Palmbranch
10.2
21; 22; 81 
P-branch-P, P PPP
1.1; 1.2.1., 1.3.
 
 87 
PR
8.1.
 48 
PRO 
6
2; 23 
PROB
6
68 
Prora 
1.4.2
(Howgego)
Q VAR
1.2.2
62 
QCASP
R retrograde
24 
RC (RE) 
1.2.1
subtype 2; 23
ROB
6
S
1.4.2; 6
SAL
25 
SD
49 
SE 
1.4.2
subtype to 26; 27
SPO
8.1
26; 27 
SPQR
8.1
subtype to 26; 27
SPR
8.1
65 
Standing Helios 
1.4.2
(H 245) 

(H  NN)

Standing Minerva

Standing Man / Neptune 
                   (with stick = Trident ? / Dolphin ?)

10.2

64
Star 
1.4.2
unlisted
TB C
11
88 
          TCA
28 
TCPA
1.2.2
89, 58
TI*C*A
1.3; see also 3; a fake in 2
54 
TIAV 
3; see also 4; see also 6
56 
TIBAVC large
1.4.2; 2
30
TIBAVC small
1.4.2
29 
55 
TIBround
TIB round type II
1.2.2 
1.4.2
31 
TIBC
50 
TIBsquare 
1.2.2
32
TIBCAVF
1.2.2
51 
TIBCLAIMP
3
57 
TIBIMlarge
1.2.2; 1.4.2
33 
TIBIMsmall
1.2.2
58 
89
TICA
3; 
1.3; also fakes 2
90 
TICAE
1.3
102 
TIM
107
Thunderbolt (see also Fulminata above)
10.2
unlisted
TONZOY 
9
119 
VA
1.4.2
(34) 
52 
VAR in ligature
1.2.2
1.4.2
35 
VESPA in ligature
8.3
61 
VF
91 
VI 
10.1;
10.2
36
VICIN
1.2.2
37 
Wheel large
1.1
38 
Wheel little
1.2.2
82 
X
8.1; also 10.1; 10.2
(Howgego)
XF
10.2
(Howgego)
XRF
10.2
(H 737)
XII
10.2
unlisted
XLII
6
(Howgego)
XV
10.1
(Howgego)
XVA
10.2

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