9. Countermarks of later Emperors
This section covers
"TONZOY", " DAK", "laureate", "standing Minerva", "Hadrian's Head", various other countermarks
Some of these countermarks have quite clearly a military context, mostly related to the Eastern campaigns of Rome against their Persian/Parthian Arch Enemy.
legionary context are
covered in a separate
of the Roman Numismatic Gallery
Local Countermarks of unknown Period
Thracia, on AE possibly from the Flavian period
title Dacicus, on a coin of Traian
The countermark "standing
on Flavian AEs of Antiochia is
likely of y
military context, possibly from Traian's period
on a Vespasian
on a Domitian
on Otho coin from Antiochia
related countermarks could be these two "male heads" on Domitian (maybe from Hadrian's period ?)
Countermark "laureate" frequent
on Traianus (left) and rarer on a Hadrianus (right) AEs from Antiochia.
This is one of a group of countermarks on Eastern Provincial Coins with
possible links to the legionary administration of the Eastern frontier
Some types celebrate the visit of the emperor to the East. The following examples are for Hadrian visiting the East to prepare the war against the Judean uprising in the 130s AD.
countermarks of a little circle in the center of the obverse of sesterti of Marcus Aurelius are known from Pannonia
sestertius, 3 countermarks of unknown origin, seemingly similiar to gold weight marks of the 16th century ( 25, 26, 27 known from flemish-brabant)?
Heraclius countermark (Sicilian origin) over full sized follis
Sicilian Countermark of Heraklius on reduced follis of