The 12 Caesars of Suetonius
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The Julio-Claudian Dynasty

Caius Julius Caesar (murdered 44 BC)
Julius Caesar, Pontifex Maximus

Caius Julius Caesar, postumous portrait 42 BC, he was murdered in March 44 BC, denarius

Marcus Antonius
an early Portrait denarius of Marcus Antonius in 42 BC

Caesar & Marcus Antonius in 43 BC

Marcus Antonius & Octavianus 42/41 BC


Augustus (Octavianus) (27 BC-14 AD)

 Parthian returning the legionary standards lost by Crassus to Rome

Divus Julius, the comet (denarius struck under Augustus)

Augustus aureus symbolizing the force of the Roman legions, the charging bull (IMP X)

Aureus to the conquest of Raetia in 16/5 BC by Drusus and Tiberius         Moneyer Denarii of Augustus

Victory series for Augustus

M. Agrippa, general, friend, son in law of Augustus, died 12 BC

P Quinctilius Varus
as Governor of Syria

as Governor of Africa (coin with his portrait on the left), As with VAR countermark attributed to his governorship in Germania to the right

During this period many countermarks occur on AEs. The above "VAR" countermark has been proposed to be from P Q Varus, general of Augustus in Germania Inferior,who lost 9 A.D. in the battle of Teutoburg the three Legions XVII, XVIII, XIX. However this attribution is no longer likely. For more details see the Countermark Section  and the Varus Debate.

Caius Caesar, grandson of Augustus (son of Julia and Agrippa)
Caius on horseback

Aurei for Caius and Lucius Caesares, his grandsons

Augustus for his heir Tiberius Caesar

Tiberius Augustus (14 - 37 AD)

As of Tiberius

Drusus Junior, Son of Tiberius, died 23 AD

Sejanus, commander of the praetorian guard and hopeful son in law of Tiberius, his name appears on Spanish provincial coins from Bibilis

The two sons of Drusus Junior

Nero Claudius Drusus, brother of Tiberius, and father of Claudius and Germanicus
sestertius, with NCAPR countermark of Nero


Agrippina I, daughter of Agrippa and wife of Germanicus

Germanicus (died 19 AD)

Caligula (37-41 AD)

Nero et Drusus Caesares (Brothers of caligula), Dupondius

Caligula and his grandfather, Divus Augustus, denarius

Caligula and his 3 sisters

Claudius & Agrippina II, his niece and wife

Claudius (41 - 54 AD)

Britannicus, Son of Claudius. This rare sestertius was likely struck in a local mint in Thrakia

Nero and his mother Agrippina II

Nero (54-68 AD)


To the Civil War of 69 AD