The 12 Caesars of Suetonius
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The Julio-Claudian Dynasty

Caius Julius Caesar:    CAESAR DICT PERPETUO  (murdered 44 BC), denarius

Julius Caesar, Pontifex Maximus

Caius Julius Caesar, postumous portrait 42 BC. He was murdered in March 44 BC, denarius

an early Portrait denarius of Marcus Antonius in 42 BC
Caesar & Marcus Antonius in 43 BC

Marcus Antonius & Octavianus 42/41 BC

Augustus (Octavianus) (27 BC-14 AD)

 Parthian returning the legionary standards lost by Crassus to Rome                                     Divus Julius, the comet (denarius struck under Augustus)

Augustus (Octavianus), this aureus symbolizing the force of the Roman legions, the charging bull (IMP X)

Aureus to the conquest of Raetia in 16/5 BC by Drusus and Tiberius         Moneyer Denarius of Augustus

M. Agrippa, general, friend, son in law of Augustus, died 12 BC

P Quinctilius Varus  (interested in Roman Officials ?)
as Governor of Syria Governor of Africa (coin with his portrait on the left) and As with countermark commonly attributed to his governorship in Germania

During this period many countermarks occur on AEs. The above "VAR" countermark has been proposed to be from P Q Varus, general of Augustus in Germania Inferior,who lost 9 A.D. in the battle of Teutoburg the three Legions XVII, XVIII, XIX. However this attribution is no longer likely. For more details see the Countermark Section  and the Varus Debate.

Caius Caesar, grandson of Augustus

Caius and Lucius, their grandfather Augustus

Tiberius (14 - 37 AD)

Drusus Junior, Son of Tiberius, died 23 AD

The two sons of Drusus Junior

Nero Claudius Drusus, brother of Tiberius, and father of Claudius and Germanicus

Agrippina I, daughter of Agrippa and wife of Germanicus

Germanicus (died 19 AD)

Caligula (37-41 AD)
denarius for his grandfather, Divus Augustus
Caligula and his 3 sisters (37-41 AD)

Claudius & Agrippina II, his niece and later wife

Claudius (41 - 54 AD)


Britannicus, Son of Claudius. This rare sestertius was likely struck in a local mint in Thrakia

Nero and his mother Agrippina II

Nero 54-68 AD


68-69 AD The Year that saw 4 Emperors: Galba (Candidate of the Spanish Legions, Otho (Praetorian Units), Vitellius (Germanic Legions), Vespasianus (Eastern and Danubian Legions)

Galba (68-69 AD)

Otho (69 AD)

Vitellius (69 AD)


The Dynasty of Vespasianus

Vespasianus (69-79 AD)

Titus (79-81 AD)

Domitianus (81-96 AD)

To the Adoptive Emperors, the Golden Age