Museum of Countermarks
on Roman Coins
Countermarks on Coins of Augustus & Tiberius, left and right "countermasses" from Moesia
ways to visit this Museum:
Brief Introduction to Roman Countermarks:
on official Roman coins
are mainly found on AE coinage of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. These are
often linked to the Roman legions based along the northern and eastern
frontiers. Germania Inferior and Superior, Pannonia and Moesia, Syria
Judea are the major sources of these types of countermarks that likely
enlarged the area of acceptance of these often very worn coins. One
sees them as donations of the emperor or his generals to the troops.
Other countermarks e.g. on Spanish, Gallic, or Greek provincial coins are not necessary linked to the Roman legions, but rather have a municipal character.
Attributions of countermarks to regions and emperors are highly speculative, the field is moving rapidly and today's knowledge may be quite outdated tomorrow.
We look forward to discussions with interested visitors of these pages and appreciate scans of Roman countermarks to be added to the museum.
Andreas Pangerl under
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if you have any questions or need help with the attribution of
in your collection.
recommend as Reference Literature:
|For Western Countermarks on official Roman
coins and their Imitations:
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Numismatic Gallery (www.romancoins.info) for hosting the
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